构建支持 Brotli 压缩算法的 Nginx 镜像

Brotli 是一种新型的压缩算法,和 Gzip 相比具有更高的压缩比。

官方的 Nginx 镜像没有提供对 Brotli 的支持,我们可以通过附加第三方扩展的方式,让 Nginx 支持 Brotli 压缩算法。

Nginx 官方提供了 Dockerfile,只需稍作修改即可为 Nginx 添加 Brotli 支持。

FROM alpine:3.9

ENV TZ=Asia/Shanghai

ENV NGINX_VERSION 1.15.9

RUN NGINX_GPG_KEYS=B0F4253373F8F6F510D42178520A9993A1C052F8 \
    && CONFIG="\
        --prefix=/etc/nginx \
        --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
        --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules \
        --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
        --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
        --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
        --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
        --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
        --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp \
        --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp \
        --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp \
        --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp \
        --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp \
        --user=www-data \
        --group=www-data \
        --with-http_ssl_module \
        --with-http_realip_module \
        --with-http_addition_module \
        --with-http_sub_module \
        --with-http_dav_module \
        --with-http_flv_module \
        --with-http_mp4_module \
        --with-http_gunzip_module \
        --with-http_gzip_static_module \
        --with-http_random_index_module \
        --with-http_secure_link_module \
        --with-http_stub_status_module \
        --with-http_auth_request_module \
        --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-threads \
        --with-stream \
        --with-stream_ssl_module \
        --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
        --with-stream_realip_module \
        --with-stream_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_slice_module \
        --with-mail \
        --with-mail_ssl_module \
        --with-compat \
        --with-file-aio \
        --with-http_v2_module \
        --add-module=/usr/src/ngx_brotli \
    " \
    && addgroup -g 82 -S www-data \
    && adduser -u 82 -D -S -h /var/cache/nginx -s /sbin/nologin -G www-data www-data \
    \
    && apk update \
    \
    && apk add --virtual .build-deps \
        gcc \
        libc-dev \
        make \
        openssl-dev \
        pcre-dev \
        zlib-dev \
        linux-headers \
        curl \
        gnupg1 \
        libxslt-dev \
        gd-dev \
        geoip-dev \
        git \
    && curl -fSL https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz -o nginx.tar.gz \
    && curl -fSL https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz.asc  -o nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
    && gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$NGINX_GPG_KEYS" \
    && gpg --batch --verify nginx.tar.gz.asc nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm -rf "$GNUPGHOME" nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && mkdir -p /usr/src \
    && tar -zxC /usr/src -f nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm nginx.tar.gz \
    && git clone https://github.com/google/ngx_brotli.git /usr/src/ngx_brotli \
    && cd /usr/src/ngx_brotli \
    && git submodule update --init \
    && cd /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    && ./configure $CONFIG --with-debug \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && mv objs/nginx objs/nginx-debug \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && ./configure $CONFIG \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && make install \
    && rm -rf /etc/nginx/html/ \
    && mkdir /etc/nginx/conf.d/ \
    && mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/index.html /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/50x.html /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m755 objs/nginx-debug /usr/sbin/nginx-debug \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && ln -s ../../usr/lib/nginx/modules /etc/nginx/modules \
    && strip /usr/sbin/nginx* \
    && strip /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so \
    && rm -rf /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION /usr/src/ngx_brotli \
    \
    # Bring in gettext so we can get `envsubst`, then throw
    # the rest away. To do this, we need to install `gettext`
    # then move `envsubst` out of the way so `gettext` can
    # be deleted completely, then move `envsubst` back.
    && apk add --virtual .gettext gettext \
    && mv /usr/bin/envsubst /tmp/ \
    \
    && runDeps="$( \
        scanelf --needed --nobanner --format '%n#p' /usr/sbin/nginx /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so /tmp/envsubst \
            | tr ',' '\n' \
            | sort -u \
            | awk 'system("[ -e /usr/local/lib/" $1 " ]") == 0 { next } { print "so:" $1 }' \
    )" \
    && apk add --virtual .nginx-rundeps $runDeps \
    && apk del .build-deps \
    && apk del .gettext \
    && mv /tmp/envsubst /usr/local/bin/ \
    \
    # Bring in tzdata so users could set the timezones through the environment
    # variables
    && apk add tzdata \
    && echo "${TZ}" > /etc/timezone \
    && ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/${TZ} /etc/localtime \
    \
    # forward request and error logs to docker log collector
    && ln -sf /dev/stdout /var/log/nginx/access.log \
    && ln -sf /dev/stderr /var/log/nginx/error.log \
    \
    && rm /var/cache/apk/*

COPY nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
COPY nginx.vh.default.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

EXPOSE 80 443

STOPSIGNAL SIGTERM

CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

Dockerfile 末尾复制进镜像的配置文件,也都来自 Nginx 的官方镜像

如果不想自行构建,也可以使用我已经构建好的镜像 anguiao/nginx-brotli。镜像会跟随 Nginx 的最新版本进行更新,Dockerfile 也放在我个人的 GitHub 上。

最后修改:2019 年 03 月 06 日 10 : 05 PM

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